# Transcript: Improper Fractions and Mixed Numbers

(music plays)

In a colourful TV studio, Shahana stands next to a wall touch screen. She is in her twenties, with shoulder-length brown hair. She wears a blue T-shirt with a print that reads "Home Work Zone" and black trousers.

She says HI TVO KIDS.

I'M TEACHER SHAHANA.

AND I'M HERE TODAY

TO TALK TO YOU ABOUT

IMPROPER FRACTIONS AND

MIXED NUMBERS.

NOW BEFORE WE BEGIN,

LET'S REVIEW WHAT A FRACTION IS.

She clicks on a top menu and a fraction and a definition appear.

She continues NOW, A FRACTION IS A PART

OF A WHOLE.

SO FOR EXAMPLE,

IF I HAVE A FULL CHOCOLATE BAR,

THAT'S DIVIDED INTO FOUR PIECES,

AND I EAT ONE PIECE

OUT OF THE FOUR,

THAT WOULD MEAN

I'VE EATEN ONE FOURTH

OR ONE QUARTER OF THE

CHOCOLATE BAR.

AND THAT WOULD BE MY FRACTION.

NOW KEEP IN MIND THAT...

IF YOU FORGOT,

IN CASE YOU FORGOT,

THE NUMBER ON TOP

OF THE FRACTION,

IS WHAT WE CALL THE NUMERATOR,

AND THE NUMBER AT THE BOTTOM

IS CALLED THE DENOMINATOR.

NOW, WHEN THE NUMERATOR IS

SMALLER THAN THE DENOMINATOR,

THAT'S WHAT WE CALL

A PROPER FRACTION.

NOW LET'S SAY I GO OUT AND BUY

FOUR CHOCOLATE BARS

TO SHARE WITH MY FRIENDS.

A new screen shows the drawings of four kids and four chocolate bars.

She continues NOW NOTICE THAT THE CHOCOLATE

BAR IS STILL DIVIDED

INTO FOUR EQUAL PIECES EACH.

LET'S SAY THE FIRST FRIENDS EATS

ALL OF HIS CHOCOLATE BAR

CAUSE HE'S REALLY HUNGRY,

SO HE'S EATEN FOUR FORTHS OF HIS

CHOCOLATE BAR, FOURTH QUARTERS,

THE SECOND PERSON ALSO EATS

THE ENTIRE CHOCOLATE BAR,

OR FOURTH QUARTERS,

THE THIRD PERSON DOES THE SAME,

SO THAT'S ANOTHER

FOURTH QUARTER.

BUT I, NOT THAT HUNGRY ANYMORE,

SO I EAT ONLY ONE QUARTER

OF MY CHOCOLATE BAR.

NOW IF WE ADD

ALL OF THOSE AMOUNTS,

FOUR PLUS FOUR PLUS FOUR PLUS

ONE MORE QUARTER

GIVES ME A TOTAL OF 13 QUARTERS.

NOW THIS FRACTION LOOKS

A LITTLE BIT DIFFERENT

THAN WHAT WE'VE SEEN BEFORE,

BUT THE NUMBER AT THE TOP

IS BIGGER

THAN THE NUMBER AT THE BOTTOM.

ANOTHER WORD IS THE NUMERATOR

IS BIGGER THAN THE DENOMINATOR.

LOOKS A LITTLE BIT FUNNY,

BUT IT DOES EXIST.

IT'S CALLED AN

IMPROPER FRACTION.

NOW IF WE WANT OUR

IMPROPER FRACTION

TO LOOK A LITTLE BIT

MORE FRIENDLY,

HERE'S WHAT WE MIGHT DO:

WE'LL GO BACK TO A QUESTION

THAT WE JUST DID,

AND WE SAID THAT

THE FIRST THREE FRIENDS

ATE ALL FOUR PIECES OF THEIR

WHOLE CHOCOLATE BAR.

AND I ONLY EAT ONE,

SO WE SAID THAT ALTOGETHER

THAT GIVES US 13 QUARTERS.

Using her index finger, she paints 13 pieces of four chocolate bars.

She continues OKAY, NOW IF YOU LOOK CLOSELY,

YOU'LL NOTICE THAT'S THE

SAME THING AS ONE, TWO,

THREE WHOLE CHOCOLATE BARS.

AND ONE QUARTER OF A

CHOCOLATE BAR,

OR IN ANOTHER WORD

THREE AND A QUARTER.

SO THEREFORE,

THIS AMOUNT IS EXACTLY

THE SAME THING AS THIS AMOUNT

THEREFORE WE CAN CHANGE IMPROPER

FRACTION TO A MIXED NUMBER.

NOW A MIXED NUMBER IS WHAT

WE SEE OVER HERE,

WHICH IS A WHOLE NUMBER WITH A

FRACTION ADDED INTO IT.

SO, WE CAN CHANGE AN IMPROPER

FRACTION TO A MIXED NUMBER,

AND THE OTHER WAY AROUND.

THANKS FOR LISTENING,

TVO KIDS.

I'M TEACHER SHAHANA.

NOW YOU KNOW ALL ABOUT IMPROPER

FRACTIONS AND MIXED NUMBERS.

In a colourful TV studio, Shahana stands next to a wall touch screen. She is in her twenties, with shoulder-length brown hair. She wears a blue T-shirt with a print that reads "Home Work Zone" and black trousers.

She says HI TVO KIDS.

I'M TEACHER SHAHANA.

AND I'M HERE TODAY

TO TALK TO YOU ABOUT

IMPROPER FRACTIONS AND

MIXED NUMBERS.

NOW BEFORE WE BEGIN,

LET'S REVIEW WHAT A FRACTION IS.

She clicks on a top menu and a fraction and a definition appear.

She continues NOW, A FRACTION IS A PART

OF A WHOLE.

SO FOR EXAMPLE,

IF I HAVE A FULL CHOCOLATE BAR,

THAT'S DIVIDED INTO FOUR PIECES,

AND I EAT ONE PIECE

OUT OF THE FOUR,

THAT WOULD MEAN

I'VE EATEN ONE FOURTH

OR ONE QUARTER OF THE

CHOCOLATE BAR.

AND THAT WOULD BE MY FRACTION.

NOW KEEP IN MIND THAT...

IF YOU FORGOT,

IN CASE YOU FORGOT,

THE NUMBER ON TOP

OF THE FRACTION,

IS WHAT WE CALL THE NUMERATOR,

AND THE NUMBER AT THE BOTTOM

IS CALLED THE DENOMINATOR.

NOW, WHEN THE NUMERATOR IS

SMALLER THAN THE DENOMINATOR,

THAT'S WHAT WE CALL

A PROPER FRACTION.

NOW LET'S SAY I GO OUT AND BUY

FOUR CHOCOLATE BARS

TO SHARE WITH MY FRIENDS.

A new screen shows the drawings of four kids and four chocolate bars.

She continues NOW NOTICE THAT THE CHOCOLATE

BAR IS STILL DIVIDED

INTO FOUR EQUAL PIECES EACH.

LET'S SAY THE FIRST FRIENDS EATS

ALL OF HIS CHOCOLATE BAR

CAUSE HE'S REALLY HUNGRY,

SO HE'S EATEN FOUR FORTHS OF HIS

CHOCOLATE BAR, FOURTH QUARTERS,

THE SECOND PERSON ALSO EATS

THE ENTIRE CHOCOLATE BAR,

OR FOURTH QUARTERS,

THE THIRD PERSON DOES THE SAME,

SO THAT'S ANOTHER

FOURTH QUARTER.

BUT I, NOT THAT HUNGRY ANYMORE,

SO I EAT ONLY ONE QUARTER

OF MY CHOCOLATE BAR.

NOW IF WE ADD

ALL OF THOSE AMOUNTS,

FOUR PLUS FOUR PLUS FOUR PLUS

ONE MORE QUARTER

GIVES ME A TOTAL OF 13 QUARTERS.

NOW THIS FRACTION LOOKS

A LITTLE BIT DIFFERENT

THAN WHAT WE'VE SEEN BEFORE,

BUT THE NUMBER AT THE TOP

IS BIGGER

THAN THE NUMBER AT THE BOTTOM.

ANOTHER WORD IS THE NUMERATOR

IS BIGGER THAN THE DENOMINATOR.

LOOKS A LITTLE BIT FUNNY,

BUT IT DOES EXIST.

IT'S CALLED AN

IMPROPER FRACTION.

NOW IF WE WANT OUR

IMPROPER FRACTION

TO LOOK A LITTLE BIT

MORE FRIENDLY,

HERE'S WHAT WE MIGHT DO:

WE'LL GO BACK TO A QUESTION

THAT WE JUST DID,

AND WE SAID THAT

THE FIRST THREE FRIENDS

ATE ALL FOUR PIECES OF THEIR

WHOLE CHOCOLATE BAR.

AND I ONLY EAT ONE,

SO WE SAID THAT ALTOGETHER

THAT GIVES US 13 QUARTERS.

Using her index finger, she paints 13 pieces of four chocolate bars.

She continues OKAY, NOW IF YOU LOOK CLOSELY,

YOU'LL NOTICE THAT'S THE

SAME THING AS ONE, TWO,

THREE WHOLE CHOCOLATE BARS.

AND ONE QUARTER OF A

CHOCOLATE BAR,

OR IN ANOTHER WORD

THREE AND A QUARTER.

SO THEREFORE,

THIS AMOUNT IS EXACTLY

THE SAME THING AS THIS AMOUNT

THEREFORE WE CAN CHANGE IMPROPER

FRACTION TO A MIXED NUMBER.

NOW A MIXED NUMBER IS WHAT

WE SEE OVER HERE,

WHICH IS A WHOLE NUMBER WITH A

FRACTION ADDED INTO IT.

SO, WE CAN CHANGE AN IMPROPER

FRACTION TO A MIXED NUMBER,

AND THE OTHER WAY AROUND.

THANKS FOR LISTENING,

TVO KIDS.

I'M TEACHER SHAHANA.

NOW YOU KNOW ALL ABOUT IMPROPER

FRACTIONS AND MIXED NUMBERS.

## You are now leaving TVOKids.com

TVOKids doesn't have control over the new place you're about to visit, so please make sure you get your Parent or Guardian's permission first!

Do you have permission from your Parents / Guardian to go to other websites?